Nowadays although there is mighty much awareness about AIDS and HIV, however still there are many people who are not aware of it. HIV is what you know as a virus which damages the immune system. HIV is a virus, AIDS is a medical condition. Here is somewhat specifications and difference between HIV and AIDS.
What is HIV?
HIV is a virus that damages the immune system – the system that helps in fighting off the infections. The untreated HIV virus kills the CD4 cells which are what you can call as the immune cells called T cells. With time, as the virus kills more of the immune cells the body is more prone and open towards acquiring a disease than before. The virus is not communicable through casual touches or air or water.
However, it does transfers through blood, semen, breast milk & vaginal & rectal fluids. Although many scientists and doctors are working on it, HIV is an all life condition with no cure. Without treatment, it is also possible for a person to develop a health condition called AIDS. Now moving on to the next question, what is AIDS?
What is AIDS?
AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It is a medical condition that is developed because of the HIV virus. It is the most advanced stage or the last stage of HIV. However, having the HIV virus does not automatically mean that you have AIDS too. As known, HIV does kill the CD4 cells or the immune cells in the body. So if the immune cell counts go down below 200 per cubic ml in a person’s body, they are diagnosed with AIDS as on average the count if the immune cells are 500 to 1500 per cubic ml in a healthy person’s body.
Development of AIDS in one’s body means that it is much more prone and open to other various diseases such as – Pneumonia, Oral Thrush, Tuberculosis, Cancer, Cryptococcal meningitis etc.
The shortening of life expectancy after AIDS is not only the consequences of the disease but also the various other diseases that attack the body of the individual.
What Are The Treatment Options?
The preference should be to begin the treatment as soon as possible after the diagnosis of this virus. The main therapy or treatment for this is antiretroviral therapy. There are more than 25 antiretroviral therapies that are approved for the treatment. They help in preventing the destructing of the immune or CD4 cells; it helps the immune system fight the infection. This helps in reducing the risk of the developing more and more serious diseases or health conditions because of this virus along with transmission of the virus.
Like all the other high danger prone disease treatment cases, this one also has its own set of side effects. Some of the serious side effects include swelling of tongue & mouth along with some kidney or liver damage. If the side effects are proven to be more severe, the medications can be adjusted accordingly.
Here was a little run-through of AIDS and other possibilities for you by Richard Taylor. Hope this was helpful!